College of Queensland-led analysis exhibits being chubby can impair the physique’s antibody response to SARS-CoV-2 an infection however to not the safety provided by vaccination.
Analysis lead, College of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences Ph.D. candidate Marcus Tong, stated the discovering constructed on the staff’s current analysis on how COVID-19 impacts people who find themselves chubby. The analysis is printed in Scientific & Translational Immunology.
“We have beforehand proven that being chubby—not simply being overweight—increases the severity of SARS-CoV-2,” Mr. Tong stated.
“However this work exhibits that being chubby creates an impaired antibody response to SARS-CoV-2 an infection however to not vaccination.”
The analysis staff collected blood samples from individuals who had recovered from COVID-19 and never been reinfected through the examine interval, roughly three months and 13 months post-infection.
“At three months post-infection, an elevated BMI was related to decreased antibody ranges,” Mr. Tong stated.
“And at 13 months post-infection, an elevated BMI was related to each decreased antibody exercise and a decreased share of the related B cells, a sort of cell that helps construct these COVID-fighting antibodies.”
Affiliate Professor Kirsty Brief stated the outcomes ought to assist form health policy shifting ahead.
“If an infection is related to an elevated threat of extreme illness and an impaired immune response for the chubby, this group has a doubtlessly elevated threat of reinfection,” Dr. Brief stated.
“It makes it extra vital than ever for this group to make sure they’re vaccinated.”
Dr. Brief stated from a public well being perspective, this knowledge attracts into query insurance policies round boosters and lockdowns.
“We might counsel that extra personalised suggestions are wanted for overweight people, each for ongoing COVID-19 administration and future pandemics,” she stated.
“Lastly, the information supplies an added impetus to enhance SARS-CoV-2 vaccination in low-income international locations, the place there is a excessive share of people who find themselves chubby and are depending on infection-induced immunity.”
Elevated BMI reduces the humoral response to SARS-CoV-2 an infection, Scientific & Translational Immunology (2023).
University of Queensland
Analysis exhibits that being chubby hampers the physique’s immune response to SARS-CoV-2 (2023, December 3)
retrieved 3 December 2023
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