According to the American Journal of Roentgenology (AIR)utilizing a 6-mm threshold, fairly than a 5-mm threshold, helps facilitate higher threat stratification and therapy choices in sufferers with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC).
“Future American Joint Committee on Most cancers (AJCC) staging updates ought to think about incorporation of the 6-mm threshold for N-category and tumor-stage determinations,” wrote corresponding writer Zhiying Liang, MD, from the radiology division at China’s Solar Yat-sen College Most cancers Heart.
This AIR accepted manuscript by Liang et al. included 1,752 sufferers (median age46 years; 1,297 males, 455 ladies) with NPC handled by intensity-modulated radiotherapy from January 2010 to March 2014 from two hospitals; 438 sufferers underwent MRI 3-4 months after therapy.
Two radiologists measured the minimal axial diameter (MAD) of the biggest retropharyngeal lymph node (RLN) for every affected person through consensus. Then, to evaluate interobserver settlement, a 3rd radiologist measured MAD in 260 randomly chosen sufferers. Preliminary ROC and restricted cubic spline analyses had been used to derive an optimum MAD threshold for predicting progression-free survival (PFS).
Finally, in sufferers with NPC, general survival was considerably completely different between patients with stage-I and stage-II illness outlined utilizing a 6-mm threshold (p = .04)—however not utilizing a 5-mm threshold (p = .09). The 5-year PFS charge was related to post-radiotherapy MAD ≥ 6 mm (HR = 1.68, p = .04) however not with post-radiotherapy MAD ≥ 5 mm (HR = 1.09, p = .71).
“Given the absence of an outlined dimension threshold within the AJCC eighth version staging handbook,” the authors famous, “we suggest that future updates to the handbook incorporate this threshold for N-category and tumor-stage determinations.”
Yuliang Zhu et al, Optimum Measurement Threshold for MRI-Detected Retropharyngeal Lymph Nodes to Predict Outcomes in Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma: A Two-Heart Research, American Journal of Roentgenology (2023). DOI: 10.2214/AJR.23.29984
American Roentgen Ray Society
Bigger lymph node threshold discovered to optimize nasopharyngeal carcinoma outcomes (2023, September 29)
retrieved 30 September 2023
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